时时平台

《中共中央 国务院关于建立国土空间规划体系并监督实施的若干意见》解读(上) 构建“多规合一”的国土空间规划体系

yuanwen: 《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyujianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishideruoganyijian》

lianjie:


riqian,《zhonggongzhongyang guowuyuanguanyujianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishideruoganyijian》(yixiajiancheng《ruoganyijian》)zhengshiyinfa,biaozhizheguotukongjianguihuatixigoujiangongzuozhengshiquanmianzhankai。jianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishi,jiangzhutigongnengquguihua、tudiliyongguihua、chengxiangguihuadengkongjianguihuarongheweitongyideguotukongjianguihua,shixian“duoguiheyi”,qianghuaguotukongjianguihuaduigezhuanxiangguihuadezhidaoyueshuzuoyong,shidangzhongyang、guowuyuanzuochudezhongdajuecebushu。

  xinshidai,xinguihua。zaishijianyukongjianbiaozhudefangweizhong,guotukongjianguihuatixijiangruhebuju?ruheluozi?jizhejiucicaifangleziranziyuanbuguotukongjianguihuajuyouguanfuzeren。

  pojieguihua“dajia”,shixian“duoguiheyi”

时时平台  yiwen: zhangqiyilai,“guihuadajia”“malasongshishenpi”“zhengfuyihuanjie、guihuajiuhuanjie”dengwentizhiyuezheshishipingtaiguokongjianliyongzhilianghexiaolv,xindeguotukongjianguihuatixidejianlishijiyuzenyangdekaoliang,jianlidebeijingyoushishenme?

  fuzeren: xinzhongguochengliyilai,gejigeleikongjianguihuazaizhichengchengzhenhuakuaisufazhan、cujinguotukongjianheliliyongheyouxiaobaohufangmianfahuilejijizuoyong,danyecunzaiyixietuchuwenti: yishiguihualeixingguoduo、neirongzhongdiechongtu,“guihuadajia”rongyidaozhikongjianziyuanpeizhiwuxu、dixiao,yegeliele“shanshuilintianhucao”shengminggongtongtideyoujilianxi,buliyukexuebujushengchan、shenghuo、shengtaikongjian。ershishenpiliuchengfuzazhouqiguozhang,“malasongshishenpi”shiyoufasheng。sanshidifangguihuachaolingxigai,shenzhi“zhengfuyihuanjie、guihuajiuhuanjie”,guihuaquanweixing、wendingxingbugou。

  xijinpingzongshujigaoduzhongshiguotukongjianguihuagongzuo,duocitichumingquehejutideyaoqiu。2013nian5yuexijinpingzongshujizaishibajiezhongyangzhengzhijudiliucijitixuexishizhichu,“guotushishengtaiwenmingshishipingtaidekongjianzaiti。congdadefangmiantongchoumouhua、gaohaodingcengsheji,shouxianyaobaguotukongjiankaifagejushejihao。yaoanzhaorenkouziyuanhuanjingxiangjunheng、jingjishehuishengtaixiaoyixiangtongyideyuanze,zhengtimouhuaguotukongjiankaifa”。2014nian2yuexijinpingzongshujizaibeijingkaochashiqiangdiao,“kaochayigechengshishouxiankanguihua,guihuakexueshizuidadexiaoyi,guihuashiwushizuidadelangfei,guihuazhetengshizuidadejihui”。2018nian4yuexijinpingzongshujizaishenrutuidongzhangjiangjingjidaifazhanzuotanhuishangzhichu,“yaoanzhao‘duoguiheyi’deyaoqiu,zaikaizhanziyuanhuanjingchengzainengliheguotukongjiankaifashiyixingpingjiadejichushang,zhuajinwanchengzhangjiangjingjidaishengtaibaohuhongxian、yongjiujibennongtian、chengzhenkaifabianjiesantiaokongzhixianhuadinggongzuo,kexuemouhuaguotukongjiankaifabaohugeju,jianlijianquanguotukongjianguankongjizhi,yikongjianguihuatonglingshuiziyuanliyong、shuiwuranfangzhi、anxianshiyong、hangyunfazhandengfangmiankongjianliyongrenwu,cujinjingjishehuifazhangeju、chengzhenkongjianbuju、chanyejiegoudiaozhengyuziyuanhuanjingchengzainenglixiangshiying”。jinnian3yuequanguorenmindaibiaodahuiqijian,xijinpingzongshujizaiciqiangdiao,“yaojianchidixiansiwei,yiguotukongjianguihuaweiyiju,bachengzhen、nongye、shengtaikongjianheshengtaibaohuhongxian、yongjiujibennongtianbaohuhongxian、chengzhenkaifabianjiezuoweidiaozhengjingjijiegou、guihuachanyefazhan、tuijinchengzhenhuabukeyuyuedehongxian,lizubendiziyuanbingfutedian、tixianbendiyoushihetese”。

  guotukongjianguihuazaiguotukongjianzhilihekechixufazhanzhongqizhejichuxing、zhanlvexingdeyinlingzuoyong。dangdeshibadayilai,zaishengtaiwenmingshishipingtaixinshidaidexinlinianxinyaoqiuxia,dangzhongyangheguowuyuanduikongjianguihuatichuleyixiliegaigeyaoqiu。dangdeshijiujiesanzhongquanhuiyilai,zhongyangjiakuaileshengtaiwenmingtizhigaigedebufa,shenrutuijinledangheguojiajigougaige,congtizhishangduiguoqucunzaidegeleiguihua“dajia”dewentitichulejiejuefangan。《zhonggongzhongyangguanyushenhuadangheguojiajigougaigedejueding》yaoqiu“qianghuaguotukongjianguihuaduigezhuanxiangguihuadezhidaoyueshuzuoyong,tuijin‘duoguiheyi’,shixiantudiliyongguihua、chengxiangguihuadengyoujironghe”;《shenhuadangheguojiajigougaigefangan》mingquelezujianziranziyuanbu,bingtichulejianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishiderenwu。

时时平台  ziranziyuanbucongqunian3yuechengliyilai,jiangjianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishizuoweizhanlvexing、jichuxinghezonghexinggongzuolaizhua。zujianlezhuanxianggongzuozu,kaizhanleshenrudiaochayanjiu,xitongzongjiehejichengfazhanleyuantudiliyongguihuahechengxiangguihuadengkongjianguihuatixi,jiejianleguowaikongjianguihuajingyan,zongjielexiangguanbuweihedifangdekongjianguihuashidianjingyan,tichule《guanyujianliguotukongjianguihuatixibingjiandushishichubufangan》,bingdainixingchengle《ruoganyijian》。jinnian1yue23ri,zhongyangquanmianshenhuagaigeweiyuanhuidiliucihuiyishenyitongguole《ruoganyijian》;5yue9ri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanzhengshiyinfale《ruoganyijian》。

时时平台  yinlinglvsefazhanhegaozhiliangfazhan,nengyong、guanyong、haoyong

  erwen: zuoweixinshidaidexinguihua,xindeguotukongjianguihuatixiyuzhiqianxiangbi,younaxietuchudetedian?

时时平台  fuzeren: xindeguotukongjianguihuatixishi“duoguiheyi”deguihuatixi,youliyujiejueyuanyoukongjianguihuacunzaidechongtuwenti。xindeguotukongjianguihuatixiduizhutigongnengquguihua、tudiliyongguihua、chengxiangguihuadengkongjianguihuajinxingleyoushihubuhejichengfazhan,congguihuabianshenneirong、guanlijigou、tizhijizhi、jishuguifan、renyuanduiwudenggefangmianzaiyuanyoujichushangjinxinglezhengheheyouhua,qiangdiao“yijizhengfuyijishiquan”,qiangdiaozongtiguihuahexiangxiguihua、zhuanxiangguihuazhijiandezhidaoyueshuhexianjiexiediao,qiangdiaobumenzhijianxingchengheli,zhelijiejueguoquguihua“dajia”、yueshuheyinlingzuoyongbutuchu、xingzhengxiaonengbugaodengwenti。

  xindeguotukongjianguihuatixishitixianguojiayizhideguihuatixi,baozhangguojiafazhanzhanlveyouxiaoshishi。guotukongjianguihuazishangerxiabianzhi,duikongjianfazhanzuochuzhanlvexingxitongxinganpai,quanmianluoshidangzhongyang、guowuyuanzhongdajuecebushu,luoshiguojiaxiangcunzhenxing、quyuxiediaofazhan、kechixufazhandengzhanlve。zuoweiguojiaguihuatixizhongdejichuxingguihua,guotukongjianguihuacongkongjianjiaoduduishehuijingjifazhan、chengzhenkongjianbuju、chanyejiegoudiaozhengdengjinxingzhidaoheyueshu,congercujinzhuanbianfazhanfangshi,tishengguotukongjiankaifabaohuzhilianghexiaolv,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaotigongkongjianbaozhang。

  xindeguotukongjianguihuatixishicujinshengtaiwenmingshishipingtaideguihuatixi,tixianleshengtaiyouxian、lvsefazhandedaoxiang。xindeguotukongjianguihuatixiyicujinlvsefazhan、anquanfazhan、kechixufazhanweimubiao;jianchibaohuyouxian、jieyuejiyue,yankongzengliang、panhuocunliang,jiakuaixingchenglvseshengchanfangshiheshenghuofangshi;qianghuadixianyueshu,huadingshengtaibaohuhongxian、yongjiujibennongtian、chengzhenkaifabianjiedengkongjianguankongbianjieyijigeleihaiyubaohuxian;zhuzhongfengxianfangfan,jijiyingduiweilaifazhanbuquedingxing,tigaoguihuarenxing。

  xindeguotukongjianguihuatixishiyinlinggaozhiliangfazhandeguihuatixi,tixianleyirenminweizhongxindefazhansixiang。zhenduishishipingtaiguoshehuizhuyaomaodun,congkongjiankaifabaohufangmiantichujiejuefangan,manzurenminqunzhongduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwang。youhuashengtaibaohugeju、lishiwenhuabaohugeju、chengxiangkaifaliyonggejudeng,helipeizhizhufang、jiuye、xiuxian、youqidengkongjiangongnengbuju,tuidongxingchengshengchankongjianjiyuegaoxiao、shenghuokongjianyijushidu、shengtaikongjianshanqingshuixiudekongjiangeju;zheliwanshanjiaotongjichusheshihegonggongshishipingtaisheshi,cujinjibengonggongshishipingtaijundenghua,dazaoyiju、yiye、yiyou、yixue、yiyangdeshequshenghuoquan,shixiangaopinzhishenghuo、shishipingtaimeihaojiayuan。

  xindeguotukongjianguihuatixishiguojiazhilitixixiandaihuadezhongyaozuchengbufen,zhuzhongnengyongguanyonghaoyong。nengyong,shizhiyaoshiyingshishipingtaiguoguoqinghexinshidaifazhanyaoqiu;guanyong,shizhinenggouyouxiaojiejuewenti,qiangdiaoyindizhiyi,shiyonggedijutiqingkuang;haoyong,shizhixindetixiyaonenggouyouxiaoyunxing,jiangdichengben,fangbianshicao。jutidi,jianganzhaomingxishiquan、quanzeduidengyuanze,jiehe“fangguanfu”gaigeyaoqiu,lishungecengjizhengfujiqiziranziyuanzhuguanbumenzhizehuafen,mingquegejigeleiguotukongjianguihuabianzhiheguanlideyaodian;guihuabianzhiyaochongfenkaolvdifangtese,shishiqiushi,bimiangongyehuasiweixiabianzhi“biaozhunhua”danbuhaoyongdeguihua;bianzhiguihuadetongshi,yaodajianguotukongjianjichuxinxipingtai,zhubushixianquanguoguotukongjianguihua“yizhangtu”,tuijinshujugongxianghexinxijiaohu;tongshi,tongchouguihua、shishipingtai、guanlisandahuanjie,youhuaxingzhengshenpixukeguanliliucheng,tigaokongjianzhilitixihenenglidexiandaihuashuiping。

时时平台  sidatixigoujianguotukongjianguihualantu

时时平台  sanwen: zuoweiyizhengtaoyunxingxitong,guotukongjianguihuatixidejiagoushizenyangde,baokuonaxiezuchengbufen?

  fuzeren: jianli“duoguiheyi”deguotukongjianguihuatixishixitongxing、zhengtixing、zhonggouxingdegaige,shiyizhengtaoyunxingtixizhidusheji,erbuzhishiguihuachengguobenshen。xindeguotukongjianguihuatixibaokuoyunxingtixisigezitixi,jiguihuabianzhishenpitixi、shishijiandutixi、faguizhengcetixi、jishubiaozhuntixi。qizhong,guihuabianzhishenpitixiheshishijiandutixibaokuocongbianzhi、shenpi、shishi、jiance、pinggu、yujing、kaohe、wanshandengwanzhengbihuandeguihuajishishiguanliliucheng;faguizhengcetixihejishubiaozhuntixishilianggejichuzhicheng。

  jutieryan,guihuabianzhishenpitixijigejigeleiguotukongjianguihuabianzhiheshenpi、yijiguihuazhijiandexiediaopeihe。ronghelezhutigongnengquguihua、tudiliyongguihua、chengxiangguihuadengkongjianguihuadexindeguotukongjianguihuabaokuo“wujisanlei”: wujiguihuatixianyijizhengfuyijishiquan,quanyuquanyaosuguihuaguankong,qiangdiaogejicezhongdianbutong;sanleibaokuozongtiguihua、xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuahexiangxiguihua,zongtiguihuashizhanlvexingzonggang,xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuashiduitedingquyuhuotedinglingyukongjiankaifabaohudeanpai,xiangxiguihuazuochujutixihuadeshishixingguiding,shiguihuaxukedeyiju。

  shishijiandutixijiguotukongjianguihuadeshishihejianduguanli。baokuoyiguotukongjianguihuaweiyiju,duisuoyouguotukongjianshishiyongtuguanzhi;yijuxiangxiguihuashishichengxiangshishipingtaixiangmuxiangguanguihuaxuke;jianliguihuadongtaijiance、pinggu、yujingyijiweihugengxindengjizhi;youhuaxianxingshenpiliucheng,tigaoshenpixiaonenghejianguanshishipingtaishuiping;zhidingchengzhenkaifabianjieneiwaichayihuadeguanzhicuoshi;jianliguotukongjianguihua“yizhangtu”shishijianduxinxixitong,bingliyongdashuju、zhihuihuadengjishushouduanjiaqiangguihuashishijiandudeng。

  faguizhengcetixishiduiguotukongjianguihuatixidefaguizhengcezhicheng。yifangmian,yaozaichongfenshuliyanjiuyiyouxiangguanfalvfaguidejichushang,jiakuaiguotukongjianguihualifa,zuohaoguodushiqidefalvxianjie;lingyifangmian,guotukongjianguihuadebianzhiheshishixuyaoquanshehuidegongtongcanyuhegebumendexietongpeihe,xuyaoyouguanbumenpeihejianlijianquanrenkou、ziyuan、shengtaihuanjing、caizheng、jinrongdengpeitaozhengce,baozhangguihuayouxiaoshishi。

  jishubiaozhuntixishiduiguotukongjianguihuatixidejishuzhicheng。“duoguiheyi”duiyuanyouchengxiangguihuahetudiliyongguihuadejishubiaozhuntixitichulezhonggouxinggaigeyaoqiu,yaoanzhaoshengtaiwenmingshishipingtaideyaoqiu,gaibianyuanlaiyishishipingtaikaifashishipingtaiweizhudegongchengsiweifangshi,zhuzhongshengtaiyouxianlvsefazhan,qiangdiaoshengchan、shenghuo、shengtaikongjianyoujironghe。anzhaobencigaigeyaoqiu,ziranziyuanbujiangqiantoujiangoutongyideguotukongjianjishubiaozhuntixi,bingjiakuaizhidinggeleigejiguotukongjianguihuabianzhijishuguicheng。

时时平台  “wujisanlei”bianzhishishiguotukongjianguihua

时时平台  siwen: guotukongjianguihuabaokuonaxiecengci、leixing,bicizhijiandexianghuguanxishishenme?

  fuzeren: guotukongjianguihuadebianzhishenpihejiandushishiyaofenjifenleijinxing,jibaokuo“wujisanlei”。wujizhiyushishipingtaiguoxingzhengguanlicengjixiangduiyingdeguojia、sheng、shi、xian、xiangzhen,butongcengjideguihuatixianbutongkongjianchiduheguanlishenduyaoqiu。qizhong,guojiaheshengjiguihuacezhongzhanlvexing,duiquanguoheshengyuguotukongjiangejuzuochuquanjuanpai,tichuduixiacengjiguihuayueshuxingyaoqiuheyindaoxingneirong;shixianjiguihuachengshangqixia,cezhongchuandaoxing;xiangzhenjiguihuacezhongshishixing,shixiangeleiguankongyaosujingzhunluodi。wujiguihuazishangerxiabianzhi,luoshiguojiazhanlve,tixianguojiayizhi,xiacengjiguihuayaofuheshangcengjiguihuayaoqiu,budeweifanshangcengjiguihuaquedingdeyueshuxingneirong。

  sanleizhizongtiguihua、xiangxiguihuahexiangguanzhuanxiangguihua。zaiguojia、sheng、shi、xianbianzhiguotukongjianzongtiguihua,gedijieheshijibianzhixiangzhenguotukongjianguihua。gecengjideguotukongjianzongtiguihuashiduixingzhengxiaqufanweineiguotukongjianbaohu、kaifa、liyong、xiufudequanjuxinganpai,qiangdiaozonghexing。

时时平台  xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuakezaiguojia、sheng、shi、xiancengjibianzhi,qiangdiaozhuanyexing,shiduitedingquyu(liuyu)、tedinglingyukongjianbaohuliyongdeanpai。qizhong,haiandai、ziranbaohudidengzhuanxiangguihuajikuaxingzhengquyuhuoliuyudeguotukongjianguihua(ruzhangjiangjingjidaiguotukongjianguihuadeng),yousuozaiquyuhuoshangyijiziranziyuanzhuguanbumenqiantouzuzhibianzhi;yikongjianliyongweizhudemouyilingyudezhuanxiangguihua,youxiangguanbumenzuzhibianzhi。

时时平台  xiangxiguihuazaishixianjiyixiabianzhi,qiangdiaokecaozuoxing,shiduijutidikuaiyongtuheqiangdudengzuochudeshishixinganpai,shikaizhanguotukongjiankaifabaohuhuodong、shishiguotukongjianyongtuguanzhi、hefachengxiangshishipingtaixiangmuguihuaxuke、jinxinggexiangshishipingtaidengdefadingyiju。chengzhenkaifabianjieneidexiangxiguihuayoushixianziranziyuanzhuguanbumenbianzhi,baotongjizhengfushenpi;chengzhenkaifabianjiewaidexiangcundiqu,youxiangzhenrenminzhengfubianzhicunzhuangguihuazuoweixiangxiguihua,baoshangyijizhengfushenpi。

  zongtiguihuayuxiangxiguihua、xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuazhijiantixian“zong—fenguanxi”。guotukongjianzongtiguihuashixiangxiguihuadeyiju、xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuadejichu;xiangxiguihuayaoyijupizhundeguotukongjianzongtiguihuajinxingbianzhihexiugai;xiangguanzhuanxiangguihuayaozunxunguotukongjianzongtiguihua,budeweibeizongtiguihuaqiangzhixingneirong,qizhuyaoneirongyaonaruxiangxiguihua。

时时平台  xuyaoshuomingdeshi,bingbushisuoyoudifangdouyaoqiubianzhi“wujisanlei”deguotukongjianguihua。liru,gedikeyiyindizhiyi,jiangshixianyuxiangzhenguotukongjianguihuahebingbianzhi,yekeyijigexiangzhenweidanyuanbianzhixiangzhenjiguotukongjianguihua;cunzhuangguihuabianzhiyeyinggaianzhao“yingbianjinbian”deyuanzebianzhi“duoguiheyi”deshiyongxingcunzhuangguihua。

zhaizi: ziranziyuanbu

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