时时平台

中共中央 国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见

中共中央 国务院关于营造更好发展环境支持民营企业改革发展的意见

(2019年12月4日)

时时平台gaigekaifang40duonianlai,minyingqiyezaituidongfazhan、cujinchuangxin、zengjiajiuye、gaishanminshenghekuodakaifangdengfangmianfahuilebuketidaidezuoyong。minyingjingjiyijingchengweishishipingtaiguogongyouzhiweizhutiduozhongsuoyouzhijingjigongtongfazhandezhongyaozuchengbufen。weijinyibujifaminyingqiyehuolihechuangzaoli,chongfenfahuiminyingjingjizaituijingongjicejiegouxinggaige、tuidonggaozhiliangfazhan、shishipingtaixiandaihuajingjitixizhongdezhongyaozuoyong,xianjiuyingzaogenghaofazhanhuanjingzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhantichuruxiayijian。

一、总体要求

(yi)zhidaosixiang。yixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhidao,quanmianguanchedangdeshijiudaheshijiujieerzhong、sanzhong、sizhongquanhuijingshen,shenruluoshixijinpingzongshujizaiminyingqiyezuotanhuishangdezhongyaojianghuajingshen,jianchihewanshanshehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu,jianchi“lianggehaobudongyao”,jianchixinfazhanlinian,jianchiyigongjicejiegouxinggaigeweizhuxian,yingzaoshichanghua、fazhihua、guojihuayingshanghuanjing,baozhangminyingqiyeyifapingdengshiyongziyuanyaosu、gongkaigongpinggongzhengcanyujingzheng、tongdengshoudaofalvbaohu,tuidongminyingqiyegaigechuangxin、zhuanxingshengji、jiankangfazhan,rangminyingjingjichuangxinyuanquanchongfenyongliu,rangminyingqiyechuangzaohuolichongfenbengfa,weishixian“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaohezhonghuaminzuweidafuxingdezhongguomengzuochugengdagongxian。

(er)jibenyuanze。jianchigongpingjingzheng,duigeleishichangzhutiyishitongren,yingzaogongpingjingzhengdeshichanghuanjing、zhengcehuanjing、fazhihuanjing,quebaoquanlipingdeng、jihuipingdeng、guizepingdeng;zunxunshichangguilv,chulihaozhengfuyushichangdeguanxi,qianghuajingzhengzhengcedejichuxingdiwei,zhuzhongcaiyongshichanghuashouduan,tongguoshichangjingzhengshixianqiyeyoushenglietaiheziyuanyouhuapeizhi,cujinshichangzhixuguifan;zhichigaigechuangxin,guliheyindaominyingqiyejiakuaizhuanxingshengji,shenhuagongjicejiegouxinggaige,buduantishengjishuchuangxinnenglihehexinjingzhengli;jiaqiangfazhibaozhang,yifabaohuminyingqiyeheqiyejiadehefaquanyi,tuidongminyingqiyezhulaoshoufaheguijingyingdixian。

二、优化公平竞争的市场环境

(san)jinyibufangkaiminyingqiyeshichangzhunru。shenhua“fangguanfu”gaige,jinyibujingjianshichangzhunruxingzhengshenpishixiang,budeewaiduiminyingqiyeshezhizhunrutiaojian。quanmianluoshifangkuanminyingqiyeshichangzhunrudezhengcecuoshi,chixugenzong、dingqipinggushichangzhunruyouguanzhengceluoshiqingkuang,quanmianpaicha、xitongqingligeleixianxingheyinxingbilei。zaidianli、dianxin、tielu、shiyou、tianranqidengzhongdianxingyehelingyu,fangkaijingzhengxingyewu,jinyibuyinrushichangjingzhengjizhi。zhichiminyingqiyeyicanguxingshikaizhanjichudianxinyunyingyewu,yikongguhuocanguxingshikaizhanfadianpeidianshoudianyewu。zhichiminyingqiyejinruyouqikantankaifa、lianhuahexiaoshoulingyu,shishipingtaiyuanyou、tianranqi、chengpinyouchuyunheguandaoshusongdengjichusheshi。zhichifuhetiaojiandeqiyecanyuyuanyoujinkou、chengpinyouchukou。zaijichusheshi、shehuishiye、jinrongshishipingtaiyedenglingyudafufangkuanshichangzhunru。shangshuxingye、lingyuxiangguanzhinengbumenyaoyanjiuzhidingminyingqiyefenxingye、fenlingyu、fenyewushichangzhunrujutilujinghebanfa,mingqueluxiantuheshijianbiao。

(si)shishigongpingtongyideshichangjianguanzhidu。jinyibuguifanshixinlianhechengjieduixiangnarubiaozhunhechengxu,jianliwanshanxinyongxiufujizhiheyiyizhidu,guifanxinyonghechahelianhechengjie。jiaqiangyouhuayingshanghuanjingshejidefaguiguizhangbeianshencha。shenrutuijinbumenlianhe“shuangsuiji、yigongkai”jianguan,tuixingxinyongjianguanhe“hulianwang+jianguan”gaige。xihuamingquexingzhengzhifachengxu,guifanzhifaziyoucailiangquan,yangeguifangongzhengwenmingzhifa。wanshanlongduanxingzhongjieguanlizhidu,qingliqiangzhixingzhongfujiandingpinggu。shenhuayaosushichanghuapeizhitizhijizhigaige,jianquanshichanghuayaosujiagexingchenghechuandaojizhi,baozhangminyingqiyepingdenghuodeziyuanyaosu。

(wu)qianghuagongpingjingzhengshenchazhidugangxingyueshu。jianchicunliangqinglihezengliangshenchabingzhong,chixuqinglihefeichufangaitongyishichanghegongpingjingzhengdegezhongguidinghezuofa,jiakuaiqingliyuqiyexingzhiguagoudexingyezhunru、zizhibiaozhun、chanyebutiedengguidinghezuofa。tuijinchanyezhengceyouchayihua、xuanzexingxiangpuhuihua、gongnengxingzhuanbian。yangeshenchaxinchutaidezhengcecuoshi,jianliguifanliucheng,yinrudisanfangkaizhanpinggushencha。jianlimianxianggeleishichangzhutideyouweigongpingjingzhengwentidetousujubaohechulihuiyingjizhibingjishixiangshehuigongbuchuliqingkuang。

时时平台(liu)pochuzhaotoubiaoyinxingbilei。duijubeixiangyingzizhitiaojiandeqiye,budeshezhiyuyewunengliwuguandeqiyeguimomenjianhemingxianchaoguozhaobiaoxiangmuyaoqiudeyejimenjiandeng。wanshanzhaotoubiaochengxujianduyuxinxigongshizhidu,duiyifayiguiwanchengdezhaobiao,budeyizhongbiaoqiyexingzhiweiyouduizhaobiaozerenrenjinxingzhuize。

三、完善精准有效的政策环境

(qi)jinyibujianqingqiyeshuifeifudan。qieshiluoshigengdaguimojianshuijiangfei,shishihaojiangdizengzhishuishuilv、kuodaxiangshoushuishouyouhuixiaoweiqiyefanwei、jiadayanfafeiyongjiajikouchulidu、jiangdishebaofeilvdengzhengce,shizhixingjiangdiqiyefudan。jianliwanshanjiandujianchaqingdanzhidu,luoshisheqishoufeiqingdanzhidu,qingliweiguisheqishoufei、tanpaishixianghegeleipingbidabiaohuodong,jiadaliduqinglizhengzhidisanfangjieliujianshuijiangfeihonglidengxingwei,jinyibuchangtongjianshuijiangfeizhengcechuandaojizhi,qieshijiangdiminyingqiyechengbenfeiyong。jiyaoyizuiyangedebiaozhunfangfantaobishui,youyaobimianyinweibudangzhengshuiyingxiangqiyezhengchangyunxing。

(ba)jianquanyinxingyejinrongjigoushishipingtaiminyingqiyetixi。jinyibutigaojinrongjiegouyujingjijiegoupipeidu,zhichifazhanyizhongxiaoweiminyingqiyeweizhuyaoshishipingtaiduixiangdezhongxiaojinrongjigou。shenhualianheshouxinshidian,guliyinxingyuminyingqiyegoujianzhongzhangqiyinqiguanxi。jianquanshouxinjinzhimianzejizhi,zaineibujixiaokaohezhiduzhongluoshiduixiaoweiqiyedaikuanbuliangrongrendejianguanzhengce。qianghuakaohejili,helizengjiaxinyongdaikuan,guliyinxingtiqianzhudongduijieqiyexudaixuqiu,jinyibujiangdiminyinghexiaoweiqiyezongherongzichengben。

时时平台(jiu)wanshanminyingqiyezhijierongzizhichizhidu。wanshangupiaofaxinghezairongzizhidu,tigaominyingqiyeshoufashangshihezairongzishenhexiaolv。jijigulifuhetiaojiandeminyingqiyezaikechuangbanshangshi。shenhuachuangyeban、xinsanbangaige,shishipingtaiminyingqiyechixufazhan。zhichishishipingtaiminyingqiyedequyuxingguquanshichangshishipingtai。zhichiminyingqiyefaxingzhaiquan,jiangdikezhuanzhaifaxingmenjian。zaiyifaheguideqiantixia,zhichiziguanchanpinhebaoxianzijintongguotouzisimuguquanjijindengfangshijijicanyuminyingqiyeshukun。gulitongguozhaiwuzhongzudengfangshihelihuajiegupiaozhiyafengxian。jijixiyinshehuililiangcanyuminyingqiyezhaizhuangu。

(shi)jianquanminyingqiyerongzizengxinzhichitixi。tuijinyituogongyingliandepiaoju、dingdandengdongchanzhiyarongzi,gulidisanfangjianligongyinglianzongheshishipingtaipingtai。minyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyeyiyingshouzhangkuanshenqingdanbaorongzide,guojiajiguan、shiyedanweihedaxingqiyedengyingfukuanfangyingdangjishiquerenzhaiquanzhaiwuguanxi。tuidongdizhiyadengjiliuchengjianbianhua、biaozhunhua、guifanhua,jianlitongyidedongchanhequanlidanbaodengjigongshixitong。jijitansuojianliweiyouzhiminyingqiyezengxindexinjizhi,guliyoutiaojiandedifangshelizhongxiaominyingqiyefengxianbuchangjijin,yanjiutuichuminyingqiyezengxinshifanxiangmu。fazhanminyingqiyezhaiquanrongzizhichigongju,yishichanghuafangshizengxinzhichiminyingqiyerongzi。

(shiyi)jianliqinglihefangzhituoqianzhangkuanzhangxiaojizhi。gejizhengfu、daxingguoyouqiyeyaoyifalvxingyuminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyeqiandingdexieyihehetong,budeweibeiminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyezhenshiyiyuanhuozaiyuedingdefukuanfangshizhiwaiyichengduihuipiaodengxingshiyanzhangfukuanqixian。jiakuaijishizhifukuanxiangyouguanlifa,jianlituoqianzhangkuanwentiyueshuchengjiejizhi,tongguoshenjijianchahexinyongtixishishipingtai,tigaozhengfubumenheguoyouqiyedetuoqianshixinchengben,duituoqianminyingqiye、zhongxiaoqiyekuanxiangdezerenrenyansuwenze。

四、健全平等保护的法治环境

(shier)jianquanzhifasifaduiminyingqiyedepingdengbaohujizhi。jiadaduiminyingqiyedexingshibaohulidu,yifachengzhiqinfanminyingqiyetouzizhe、guanlizhehecongyerenyuanhefaquanyideweifafanzuixingwei。tigaosifashenpanhezhixingxiaolv,fangzhiyinsusongtuoyanyingxiangqiyeshengchanjingying。baozhangminyingqiyejiazaixiezhujijianjianchajiguanshenchadiaochashiderenshenhecaichanhefaquanyi。jianquanzhishichanquanqinquanchengfaxingpeichangzhidu,wanshansusongzhengjuguize、zhengjupiluyijizhengjufangaipaichuguize。

(shisan)baohuminyingqiyeheqiyejiahefacaichan。yangeanzhaofadingchengxucaiquchafeng、kouya、dongjiedengcuoshi,yifayangequfenweifasuode、qitasheancaichanyuhefacaichan,yangequfenqiyefarencaichanyugudonggerencaichan,yangequfensheanrenyuangerencaichanyujiatingchengyuancaichan。chixuzhenbiejiuzhengqinfanminyingqiyeheqiyejiarenshencaichanquandeyuancuoanjian。jianlishezhengfuchanquanjiufenzhilizhangxiaojizhi。

五、鼓励引导民营企业改革创新

(shisi)yindaominyingqiyeshenhuagaige。guliyoutiaojiandeminyingqiyejiakuaijianlizhilijiegouheli、gudongxingweiguifan、neibuyueshuyouxiao、yunxinggaoxiaolinghuodexiandaiqiyezhidu,zhongshifahuigongsilvshihefalvguwenzuoyong。guliminyingqiyezhidingguifandegongsizhangcheng,wanshangongsigudonghui、dongshihui、jianshihuidengzhidu,mingquegezizhiquanjiyishiguize。guliminyingqiyewanshanneibujiliyueshujizhi,guifanyouhuayewuliuchenghezuzhijiegou,jianlikexueguifandelaodongyonggong、shourufenpeizhidu,tuidongzhiliang、pinpai、caiwu、yingxiaodengjingxihuaguanli。

(shiwu)zhichiminyingqiyejiaqiangchuangxin。guliminyingqiyedulihuoyuyouguanfangmianlianhechengdanguojiageleikeyanxiangmu,canyuguojiazhongdakexuejishuxiangmugongguan,tongguoshishijishugaizaozhuanhuachuangxinchengguo。gejizhengfuzuzhishishikejichuangxin、jishuzhuanhuadengxiangmushi,yaopingdengduidaibutongsuoyouzhiqiye。jiakuaixiangminyingqiyekaifangguojiazhongdakeyanjichusheshihedaxingkeyanyiqi。zaibiaozhunzhiding、fushenguochengzhongbaozhangminyingqiyepingdengcanyu。xitongqingliyuqiyexingzhiguagoudezhichengpingding、jiangxiangshenbao、fulibaozhangdengguiding,changtongkejichuangxinrencaixiangminyingqiyeliudongqudao。zairencaiyinjinzhichizhengcefangmianduiminyingqiyeyishitongren,zhichiminyingqiyeyinjinhaiwaigaocengcirencai。

(shiliu)guliminyingqiyezhuanxingshengjiyouhuazhongzu。guliminyingqiyeyindizhiyijujiaozhuyejiakuaizhuanxingshengji。youhuaqiyejianbingzhongzushichanghuanjing,zhichiminyingqiyezuoyouzuoqiang,peiyugengduojuyouquanqiujingzhenglideshijieyiliuqiye。zhichiminyingqiyecanyuguoyouqiyegaige。yindaozhongxiaominyingqiyezou“zhuanjingtexin”fazhanzhilu。changtongshichanghuatuichuqudao,wanshanqiyepochanqingsuanhezhongzhengdengfalvzhidu,tigaozhuxiaodengjibianlidu,jinyibuzuohao“jiangshiqiye”chuzhigongzuo。

时时平台(shiqi)wanshanminyingqiyecanyuguojiazhongdazhanlveshishijizhi。guliminyingqiyejijicanyugongjian“yidaiyilu”、jingjinjixietongfazhan、zhangjiangjingjidaifazhan、zhangjiangsanjiaozhouquyuyitihuafazhan、yuegangaodawanqushishipingtai、huangheliuyushengtaibaohuhegaozhiliangfazhan、tuijinhainanquanmianshenhuagaigekaifangdengzhongdaguojiazhanlve,jijicanyuxiangcunzhenxingzhanlve。zaizhongdaguihua、zhongdaxiangmu、zhongdagongcheng、zhongdahuodongzhongjijixiyinminyingqiyecanyu。

六、促进民营企业规范健康发展

(shiba)yindaominyingqiyejujinghuishenbanshiye。yingzaoshiganxingbang、shiyebaoguodelianghaoshehuifenwei,gulizhichiminyingqiyexinwupangwuzuoshiye。yindaominyingqiyetigaozhanlveguihuahezhixingnengli,hongyanggongjiangjingshen,tongguojujiaoshiye、zuojingzhuyebuduantishengqiyefazhanzhiliang。dalihongyangaiguojingye、zunjishoufa、jiankufendou、chuangxinfazhan、zhuanzhupinzhi、zhuiqiuzhuoyue、chengxinshouyue、lvxingzeren、yongyudandang、shishipingtaishehuideyouxiuqiyejiajingshen,renzhenzongjieshulixuanchuanyipidianxinganli,fahuishifandaidongzuoyong。

时时平台(shijiu)tuidongminyingqiyeshoufaheguijingying。minyingqiyeyaozhulaoshoufaheguijingyingdixian,yifajingying、yifazhiqi、yifaweiquan,renzhenlvxinghuanjingbaohu、anquanshengchan、zhigongquanyibaozhangdengzeren。minyingqiyezouchuquyaozunfashoufa、heguijingying,suzaolianghaoxingxiang。

(ershi)tuidongminyingqiyejijilvxingshehuizeren。yindaominyingqiyezhongxinyu、shouxinyong、jiangxinyi,zijueqianghuaxinyongguanli,jishijinxingxinxipilu。zhichiminyingqiyefugeminglaoqu、minzudiqu、bianjiangdiqu、pinkundiquhezhongxibu、dongbeidiqutouzixingye,yindaominyingqiyecanyuduikouzhiyuanhebangfugongzuo。guliminyingqiyejijicanyushehuigongyi、cishanshiye。

(ershiyi)yindaominyingqiyejiajiankangchengzhang。minyingqiyejiayaojiaqiangzishishipingtaixuexi、zishishipingtaijiaoyu、zishishipingtaitisheng,zhenshizishenshehuixingxiang,reaizuguo、reairenmin、reaizhongguogongchandang,bashoufachengxinzuoweianshenlimingzhiben,jijijianxingshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguan。yaojiaqiangduiminyingqiyejiatebieshinianqingyidaiminyingqiyejiadelixiangxinnianjiaoyu,shishinianqingyidaiminyingqiyejiajiankangchengzhangcujinjihua,zhichibangzhuminyingqiyejiashixianshiyexinlaojiaojieheyouxuchuancheng。

七、构建亲清政商关系

时时平台(ershier)jianliguifanhuajizhihuazhengqigoutongqudao。difanggejidangzhengzhuyaofuzetongzhiyaocaiquduozhongfangshijingchangtingquminyingqiyeyijianhesuqiu,changtongqiyejiatichuyijiansuqiutongdao。gulixingyexiehuishanghui、renmintuantizaichangtongminyingqiyeyuzhengfugoutongdengfangmianfahuishishipingtaixingzuoyong,zhichiyouxiuminyingqiyejiazaiquntuanzuzhizhongjianzhi。

(ershisan)wanshansheqizhengcezhidinghezhixingjizhi。zhidingshishisheqizhengceshi,yaochongfentingquxiangguanqiyeyijianjianyi。baochizhengcelianxuxingwendingxing,jianquansheqizhengcequanliuchengpingguzhidu,wanshansheqizhengcediaozhengchengxu,genjushijishezhiheliguoduqi,jiqiyeliuchubiyaodeshiyingdiaozhengshijian。zhengcezhixingyaojianchishishiqiushi,bugao“yidaoqie”。

时时平台(ershisi)chuangxinminyingqiyeshishipingtaimoshi。jinyibutishengzhengfushishipingtaiyishihenengli,guligejizhengfubianzhizhengwushishipingtaishixiangqingdanbingxiangshehuigongbu。weihushichanggongpingjingzhengzhixu,wanshanxianrukunjingyouzhiqiyedejiuzhujizhi。jianlizhengwushishipingtai“haochaping”zhidu。wanshanduiminyingqiyequanshengmingzhouqideshishipingtaimoshiheshishipingtailiantiao。

时时平台(ershiwu)jianlizhengfuchengxinlvyuejizhi。gejizhengfuyaorenzhenlvxingzaizhaoshangyinzi、zhengfuyushehuizibenhezuodenghuodongzhongyuminyingqiyeyifaqiandingdegeleihetong。jianlizhengfushixinzerenzhuisuhechengdanjizhi,duiminyingqiyeyinguojialiyi、gonggongliyihuoqitafadingshiyouxuyaogaibianzhengfuchengnuohehetongyuedingershoudaodesunshi,yaoyifayuyibuchang。

八、组织保障

(ershiliu)jianlijianquanminyingqiyedangjiangongzuojizhi。jianchidangduizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhangongzuodelingdao,zengqiang“sigeyishi”,jianding“sigezixin”,zuodao“lianggeweihu”,jiaoyuyindaominyingqiyeheqiyejiayonghudangdelingdao,zhichiqiyedangjiangongzuo。zhidaominyingqiyeshelidangzuzhi,jijitansuochuangxindangjiangongzuofangshi,weiraoxuanchuanguanchedangdeluxianfangzhenzhengce、tuanjieningjuzhigongqunzhong、weihugefanghefaquanyi、shishipingtaixianjinqiyewenhua、cujinqiyejiankangfazhandengkaizhangongzuo,chongfenfahuidangzuzhidezhandoubaoleizuoyonghedangyuandexianfengmofanzuoyong,nulitishengminyingqiyedangdezuzhihegongzuofugaizhiliang。

(ershiqi)wanshanzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhangongzuojizhi。jianlizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandelingdaoxiediaojizhi。jiangzhichiminyingqiyefazhanxiangguanzhibiaonarugaozhiliangfazhanjixiaopingjiatixi。jiaqiangminyingjingjitongjijiancehefenxigongzuo。kaizhanmianxiangminyingqiyejiadezhengcepeixun。

(ershiba)jianquanyulunyindaoheshifanyinlinggongzuojizhi。jiaqiangyulunyindao,zhudongjianghaominyingqiyeheqiyejiagushi,jianjuedizhi、jishipibochengqingzhiyishehuizhuyijibenjingjizhidu、foudingminyingjingjidecuowuyanlun。zaigeleipingxuanbiaozhanghuodongzhong,pingdengduidaiyouxiuminyingqiyeheqiyejia。yanjiuzhichigaigefazhanbiaoganminyingqiyeheminyingjingjishifanchengshi,chongfenfahuishifandaidongzuoyong。

gediqugebumenyaochongfenrenshiyingzaogenghaofazhanhuanjingzhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandezhongyaoxing,qieshibasixianghexingdongtongyidaodangzhongyang、guowuyuandejuecebushushanglai,jiaqiangzuzhilingdao,wanshangongzuojizhi,zhidingjuticuoshi,renzhenzhuahaobenyijiandeguancheluoshi。guojiafazhangaigeweiyaohuitongyouguanbumenshishiduizhichiminyingqiyegaigefazhandezhengceluoshiqingkuangjinxingpinggu,zhongdaqingkuangjishixiangdangzhongyang、guowuyuanbaogao。

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